Romanesque churches characteristically incorporated semicircular arches for windows, doors, and arcades; barrel or groin vaults to support the roof of the nave; massive piers and walls, with few windows, to contain the outward thrust of the vaults; side aisles with galleries above them; a large tower over the crossing …
What are the characteristic features of Romanesque architecture?
Romanesque architecture is characterized by towering round arches, massive stone and brickwork, small windows, thick walls, and a propensity for housing art and sculpture depicting biblical scenes.
What were Romanesque churches decorated with?
Some common Romanesque exterior decorations include sculptural decoration (especially around the main entrance and on columns), the addition of towers (both on the eastern and western end of the church and in free-standing bell towers called campaniles), and finally arcades, or rows of arches lining the exterior of the …
What are two major characteristics of Romanesque architecture quizlet?
Romanesque architecture is characterized by its massive quality, its thick walls, round arches, sturdy piers, groin vaults, large towers, and decorative arcading.
What are the parts of a Romanesque church?
Combining features of ancient Roman and Byzantine buildings and other local traditions, Romanesque architecture is known by its massive quality, thick walls, round arches, sturdy pillars, barrel vaults, large towers and decorative arcading.
What was the main function of the Romanesque churches?
The first consistent style was called Romanesque, which was at its peak between 1050 and 1200. Romanesque churches used art, largely painting and sculpture, to communicate important things. For one, art was used as visual reminders of biblical stories, which helped teach the faith to an illiterate population.
What does Romanesque architecture look like?
Combining features of Roman and Byzantine buildings and other local traditions, Romanesque architecture exhibits massive quality, thick walls, round arches , sturdy piers , groin vaults , large towers, and symmetrical plans. The art of the period was characterized by a vigorous style in both painting and sculpture.
What are the characteristics of the Romanesque sculpture?
Most Romanesque sculpture is pictorial and biblical in subject. A great variety of themes are found on building capitals, including scenes of Creation and the Fall of Man, the life of Christ, and the Old Testament. Carved wooden images were a fundamental element in churches as objects of worship.
What architectural elements make up the features of a pilgrimage church?
The basic elements of pilgrimage churches are:
- Latin cross or “cruciform” plan based on the Basilica.
- Short, wide transepts.
- Extremely long naves.
- Sanctuary and high altar at eastern end.
- Pilgrimage choir: new space responding to needs of the era = unit comprised of Ambulatory, Apse, and Radiating/apsidal chapels.
Which characteristic typically differentiates a Gothic church from a Romanesque church quizlet?
Some of the main characteristic features include the pointed arch, the ribbed vault and the flying buttress. 1. How do Gothic sculptures differ from sculptures on a Romanesque church? Romanesque has separate compartments, rounded arches, and small windows.
Which characteristic differentiates a Gothic church from a Romanesque church?
The Gothic architecture made the churches bright, colorful, and soaring. The Romanesque architecture had the characteristics of large, internal spaces, barrel vaults, thick walls, and rounded arches on windows and doors. Gothic architecture has many features like highness, flying buttresses, and vertical lines.
Where are most Romanesque churches?
The period dating from the 9th to the 13th century produced Romanesque churches. Several important Early Romanesque churches occur in Saxony at Hildesheim and Gernrode. Many of the most notable examples of Romanesque architecture occur around the Rhineland, with twelve churches of this period in the city of Cologne.
What are the three main functions of Romanesque?
To fulfill these functions, Romanesque churches evolved the extensive use of a semicircular (“Roman”) arch for windows, doors, and arcades; a barrel vault (i.e., arches forming a half-cylindrical vault over a rectangular space) or groin vaults (formed by the intersection of two arches) to support the roof of the nave; …
Which of the following features of the Cathedral of Saint James help identify it as a pilgrimage church?
Which of the following features of the Cathedral of Saint James help identify it as a pilgrimage church? … A clear glass window that is located near the roof of the church in Ottonian architecture.